It is been customary in user facing software to provide a way for
developers investigating bugs to learn how the software has been
built. The “about dialog” or output of
--version typically contains
information about the build environment.
In the context of reproducible builds, we either actively make aspects of the build environment irrelevant to the build output, or ensure they are mandatory to rebuild the software exactly as distributed.
All irrelevant information should not be recorded. What information is irrelevant depends on what is defined to be part of the build environment, but it likely includes information such as date and time of the build, build system hostname, path, network configuration, CPU type, memory size, environment variables…
The rest of the build environment should either be defined as part of the development process or recorded during the build process.
Everything that is recorded is stored best as a separate build product that can be easily ignored or distributed separately. This will help identify which variation is irrelevant to the software itself.